Pre-rational, rational, and transrational

I don’t usually write a post that is sort of me “thinking out loud,” but this post is just that.

Last week I wrote a little about stages, states, and connected that to spiral dynamics. I don’t think I can overemphasize how much this has helped me makes  sense of the world, where different people are at, and why people think the way they do. This is especially true concerning the current religious climate.

Now, on top of that or along side of that, I recently heard someone speak about about three different stages and named them –

Pre-rational

Rational

Transrational

pre-trans-rational

As I am learning about this and reflecting on these three stages, as well as where I am at personally, I thought I would share a little about my thoughts currently – just remember they are developing and in no way do I claim they are right, but are just the way I am piecing this together.

Pre-rational– this is sort of a pre-enlightenment (pre-modern) state. When I think of pre-rational, I think of many people who accept the status quo, or accept truth, religion, facts, from people in authority without thinking through it themselves. As far as Christianity, many people read the Bible literally and when scientific or archeological evidence suggest something different, they are quick to reject this because the Bible must be accepted as completely true in every way.

I think for many in this state, critical thinking, asking questions, or being open is seen in a negative light for we should just accept our faith and beliefs. We all start out in this state.

Rational – this is an intellectual state that often pushes against the Pre-rational mind. In other words, the rational state understands that the mind is a wonderful tool and critical thinking is more favorable than blind obedience or acceptance. I would say this is a modern or enlightenment understanding that draws heavily from science and technology. People in a rational state tend to try to explain everything with the intellect and to reject anything that cannot be explained or proven. As far as Christianity, progressive or liberal leaning people often fall into this state (some moderates do as well) as they emphasis that we have a mind and thus should be able to think critical to help us make sense of the world.

Transrational – people in this state have moved from pre-rational (pre-modern) and rational (modern), into something deeper (something along post-modern, but even that doesn’t fully capture this). These are the few people who engage both the mind and the heart, yet hold open that which cannot be fully explained only experienced. Though they accept mystery and that which cannot be fully explained (pre-rational), they ask critical questions and use modern disciplines such as science, archeology, cosmology, etc (rational) to engage the mind as well. I think many mystics from all religious traditions have moved in this state, though I’m not sure someone has to be a mystic in order to be in this state.

I think those in this state have a very deep awareness and appreciation for the other states. While the rational often pushes against the pre-rational and vice versa, the transrational is not antagonistic or against the other states, but simply sees them as necessary for growth.

I think those in the transrational state are more inclusive, non anxious, non dual and don’t fully side with either of the pre-rational or rational – though they resonate and understand both they both include and transcend them. While they can engage with people on both states, there is something more, something deeper that they carry that is often difficult to explain.

So, taking this more simplified three states and reflecting upon spiral dynamics here are some of the questions I have been wrestling with.

Which state am I in?

How do I better understand where people are at? Where religious people are at? Where the world is at?

How do I allow for space for people at other states or stages? (I think a lot of this comes first by understanding the different states or stages)

How do I move to a place where I understand other states as necessary? (I think a lot of maturity comes from recognizing the goodness and influence of the previous states and thus doesn’t force or try to push people to other states – that being said they do continually hold open the invitation to move deeper)

In my own religious tradition, how do I bring together the mind and the heart in a way that includes critical thinking, science, and modern biblical scholarship as well as contemplative spirituality? (How do I allow critical scholarship while also being open to that which cannot be fully explained?)

How do I move from a dualistic way of seeing and thinking to a non dualistic, inclusive, and more holistic spirituality and way of living in the world?

Anyway, something I have been chewing on a lot recently.

Changing American religious landscape – what does it mean for pastors?

“In times of great change, learners inherit the earth, while the learned find themselves beautifully equipped for a world that no longer exists.” – Eric Hoffer.

Recently, Pew Research Center released their findings of the changing religious landscape (More can be found here).

Changing U.S. Religious Landscape

What is clear is that Christianity is declining in all forms including conservative, progressive, and liberal forms.

The nones are by far the fastest rising group.

As a seminary student I am well aware that I am pursuing a vocation in a rapidly changing world where fewer people will be going to church. Also, I personally know many people who have ceased to go to church. While some of them would consider themselves “nones,” some of them just think the church is not what it is suppose to be. Some view the church as to dogmatic, hierarchical, opposed to questions or doubts, anti-science, homophobic, etc. (I honestly resonate more with this group than most people who go to church).

Many of these people are close friends, and I have little desire to pressure them into going to church. It may actually be the best thing for someone to stop going to church because they may need to detox from some bad theology. Maybe they have been hurt and they need some time to heal. Or maybe they have been taught neatly packaged answers that no longer work for them and need to find other ways of seeing things. That being said, I still believe that there is much formative power found when people gather together, share life, and pursue the divine.

What does the study of the decline of Christianity in America mean for me and for those of us who sense a call to be pastors in a shifting culture?

The shifting culture forces us to be creative, and I think that is actually a good thing.  I am really excited to continue the journey of learning how to be a Christian in the 21st century and how to find ways to speak about spirituality in new and fresh ways.

We must either change, or we will die.

Change is difficult and complex. Often, in the church, we want to find clear answers and create neat boxes for everything, but change forces us to rethink, to ask questions, and to be open to different ways of seeing. Some have been given a static belief system, but God is not static.

“In times of great change, learners inherit the earth, while the learned find themselves beautifully equipped for a world that no longer exists.” – Eric Hoffer.

Here is one of my struggles. Too many Christians, (and I am still guilty of this I’m sure) speak the language of the Bible without translating it into the 21st century. We have answers to questions that either no one is asking, or the answers no longer make sense. Many are equipped for a world that no longer exists.

Part of the shifting culture is generational. From my experience, there is a growing number of young people, primarily millennials, who do not relate to “business as usual” in the church. We want a gospel that is really “good news” and is not just transactional theology. We want to be inspired to partner for justice and peace, and to be given places to do that. We want something that doesn’t feed our ego and create distinct tribal boundaries of who is “in” and who is “out,” but is open, inclusive, and willing to work with diverse people. We want a God that matters now, not just sometime when we die.

Above all though, I think many are frustrated with a religious tradition that is suppose to cultivate an awareness of the sacred in everyday life, but has actually done the opposite. Much of religion has actually pushed people into binary ways of seeing.

So “going to church” is sacred, but “going to work” is secular. Evangelism means proselytizing, but working for justice and peace is seen as something else. Trying to escape this world to go to heaven instead of finding ways to bring heaven to earth. Claiming one religion contains absolute truth while all other religions are completely false. Having to choose between science and evolution or the Bible.

Many feel forced to choose as if it has to be either/or.

I have recently struggled with my calling, and much of this has been because of the shifting culture, but also because of the shift happening internally. Right now, I sense more than ever, that I am called to be a pastor, but that is both frightening and exhilarating in light of the declining church membership. Frightening, because for the last few generations at least, pastors were entering into a fairly stable and growing field. A person knew what they were getting into, and knew what it would look like. Now, those of us entering into this vocation have no certainty, other than the certainty that things will look very different in the future. This is also exhilarating because we get to be a part of the change. That means we get to help shape the future in ways that were not possible a generation ago. Religion, Christianity, and Church, will look different for our children, our grandchildren, and our great grandchildren and we get to be a part of this shift.

I don’t know what that all means or what that will all look like, but I suspect that a big part of this will be bringing together binary views. I think the future will embrace questions and doubts and will not see them as opposed to faith. I think the future will embrace the sacred in all of life. I think the future will bring together the heart with the head into an intellectually honest, but deeply spiritual way (I wonder if this will mean bringing together the intellectual and the mystical traditions – in a way bringing together the East with the West?). I think the future will bring together science and faith in a beautiful way. I think the future will bring together people of different beliefs and religions to work toward a more just, peaceful, and sustainable world.

In many ways, the church and culture in America is in a liminal space where the old doesn’t work, but the new is unknown.

So while Christianity and church attendance may be declining, I believe that God is moving in very powerful ways (maybe in ways that force the church to change). I think the question for those of us who are leaders, is if we will be open to embrace this movement or if we will be closed and thus will become more and more irrelevant.

So, the future is bright to those who are willing to be flexible and find creative, new, and fresh ways of living in a changing world. While many of us have been equipped for a world that no longer exists, if we are open and curious to explore new ways, we can be a part of creating something new and different.

I believe the future is very bright!

 

Stages, states, and spiral dynamics – this has changed the way I see the world

Richard Rohr recently wrote a meditation (it’s very much worth the read here) concerning the differences between stages and states.

To summarize, he was specifically referring to the dessert fathers and mothers in the Christian tradition who, while being at a more enlightened state, where still very much at an early stage (per-critical).

This has caused me to reflect upon the connection here to Spiral Dynamics.

Spirals_0_380

If your not familiar with spiral dynamics, it speaks to the different stages (consciousness) of humanity. Each stage transcends and includes the previous stages, and as you travel through the stages each one brings more complexity and inclusion. This has really helped my understanding of the current religious climate esp. as it concerns the conservative/liberal polarities and all the stages in between.

Basically, one can be at any stage and yet become a spiritually mature or enlightened person. As someone who is personally more open and inclusive in my perspectives, it is easy for me to write off someone who is less open or who is conservative as spiritually immature, but this would be inaccurate. Usually, conservatives are at the blue stage and they tend to see the world as black and white. At the blue stage certainty, doctrine, and dogma are very important (Most AA programs are at this stage). That doesn’t, however, mean that they cannot have a deeply spiritual life or connection to the divine – in fact if someone is coming out of the red stage they are in desperate need of the blue stage.

Each stage is important and even necessary.

Confused? Let me try to clarify.

One can be in the blue stage (I think that this is the stage that most of the conservative church is at), see the world as clearly black and white, yet can be racist, prejudiced etc. We have probably all known people like this. (Blue stage, early state)

One can also be in the blue stage, see the world as clearly black and white, yet can be loving, forgiving, full of grace and understanding – even though they will likely see the world very differently than those at other stages in life. (Blue stage, enlightened state)

One can be at a green stage (I think this is the stage that most of the world, at least the modern western world is currently at), be inclusive, loving, tolerant, and yet lack spiritual depth and can easily get frustrated at those in earlier stages. (Green stage, early state).

One can be at a green stage, be inclusive, tolerant, and loving, while extending grace to those who are at earlier stages while experiencing a deep connection to the divine (Green stage, enlightened state).

Hopefully this helps, as it has truly revolutionized my thinking and has helped me understand the world we are living in.

Here a couple of ways this plays out today.

With the recent Pew Research Center religious landscape survey, it is clear that Christianity in the U.S. is in decline. I think the reason for this is complex and I do not consider myself an expert, but I think spiral dynamics can speak to this.

I think most of the church, esp the conservative church, is at a blue stage or level of consciousness. I think most of the rest of the U.S. population is at an orange or green stage. Thus, Christianity seems archaic, out dated, and irrelevant because it speaks to a world that no longer exists for the majority of the western world (where Christianity is growing, I think it is at least partially because they are at a red or blue stage). No one in a orange or green stage thinks it is better to be in a blue stage as that would mean going backwards, and it can feel like regression. But this also goes the other way. Most of the conservative church  see those in an orange or green stage as walking down the road to relativism or secular culture and is thus fighting against it. Interesting isn’t it?

A second example can be taken from how one reads the Bible. The Bible is an outdated, archaic book that oppresses and marginalizes people right? Well, it depends on how you read it and if you can understand at least some of the the different stages of the people living at that time – remember this was 2,000-4,000 years ago, of course it seems archaic! Many of the author’s were living in a beige, purple, or red stage, yet that does not mean people living in the 21st century need to be pulled back to this stage. Yet, simultaneously, many of these people were living at an enlightened state, so it can still speak to us today. In other words, they were progressive for their time and had a deep understanding and connection to the divine.

Some may object and say that God was clearly working in and through these people. I agree, yet that doesn’t mean that God approved of that specific stage as if that was the stage we all need to remain at. I think God is far more inclusive and transcendent than that and I think God realizes that God must work in and through people at whatever stage they are. I think this is exactly what God continues to do today.

I think God is pulling us forward into deeper stages where we can transcend and include previous stages. Unfortunately, we can work against God’s movement in the name of church, truth, religion, or the Bible. I think the invitation is to have grace to people who are at different stages, yet also realize that everyone can have a connection to the divine or the sacred at whatever stage they are in. Maybe for leaders, the key is not to push people to other stages, but to be aware of their stage and to help bring people to deeper states. Of course, this takes an integrated leader who has grace and patience which is no easy task.

Evangelism – the dirty “e” word

“The word evangelism still sends shivers down the spines of many people” says N.T. Wright.

I would say it does that to me.

I was taught to evangelize using the four spiritual laws which was a way of proselytizing or trying to convert the other. Often we would do this with complete strangers or sometimes at church as we tried to convince others that if they would just mentally check off the right box, then God wouldn’t send them to hell.

evangelism

Is there another way to think of evangelism?

I think there is, though in all honesty I don’t think I would use the word in my personal vocab because it has to many negative connotations.

I am doing some research for a paper and I dusted off a classic book, Surprised by Hope: Rethinking Heaven, the Resurrection, and the Mission of the Church by N.T. Wright – probably the single most influential book in my life…next to the Bible of course.

N.T. Wright suggests that there is a different, more accurate way of evangelizing than the traditional framework of heaven and hell. In my own mindset, I struggle with the idea of a loving God punishing humans for eternity because they did not accept Jesus as their personal Lord and Savior. I think the good news is much better and more inclusive than this.

Drawing from Wright, I would paraphrase evangelism as saying

God’s new world is breaking in right here and right now and we are invited to be a part.

Yes, it’s that simple, and yet so inspiring for several reasons.

First, it states that God has a vision, a direction, a hope, a dream for the world. It’s not random or accidental.

Second, it states that this world matters. It matters to God and it should matter to us. In fact, while many misinterpret the Scriptures to give Basic Instructions Before Leaving Earth (BIBLE), or to give us an evacuation plan, the story told in the Bible is ironically the exact opposite. The story is about this world, how God cares for this world, and how God is working to bring a just and peaceful world. Yes, global warming matters (shout out to Pope Francis for making sure this is on the forefront of our minds!), the global economy matters, the life of plants and animals matter, equality for all matters.

Third, we are invited to be a part. We can hinder the hope or the dream of God, or we can be a part of seeing God’s hope and dream come to fruition! As N.T. Wright puts it, “saying no to the things that diminish human flourishing…saying yes to the things that enhance them.”

I suspect that there are whole swaths of people who would not call themselves a Christian or would never set foot in a church that are actually doing a better job at working toward God’s hope and dream than some of us Christians are.

N.T. Wright concludes this section by writing, “And, of course, evangelism  will flourish best if the church is giving itself to works of justice (putting things to rights in the community) and works of beauty (highlighting the glory of creation and the glory yet to be revealed).”

Justice and beauty!

What a great way to see evangelism!

And the greatest part is that this can be done in numerous, creative ways. Through health care, education, politics, religion, business, photography, art, design, science, study, writing, building, law, teaching…the list is endless.

Is evangelism a dirty word? Perhaps, but I think there is a different, and I would argue, more accurate way of understanding this in light of the Biblical story.

May we sense the invitation to work for a more just, more peaceful, and more sustainable world and may we be able to see the ways that we are already doing this and to continue find creative ways to continue to do this into the future.

Health and spirituality – part 2

You don’t have a spiritual life, you are a spiritual life. – Rob Bell

At the very core of my convictions, I whole heartily believe this. This has major repercussions that I am still working out in my own life.

Some people compartmentalize their life. They have their work life, their family life, their hobby life,  and their spiritual life. This is helpful to be able to examine the different areas of one’s life and reflect on how they are finding meaning in each area. That being said, this can easily lead one to see life as distinct from spirituality. I think this is a mistake.

spirituality and health logo

All of life, every aspect, is spiritual.

Your work is spiritual, your family is spiritual, your school is spiritual, taking care if kids is spiritual, doing laundry is spiritual, grocery shopping is spiritual, and yes…cooking is spiritual. In fact, the table may be seen as an altar that binds people maybe more than any other act. Think of it, deep relationships are often built by eating together and sharing stories.

Health is spiritual.

Health is not separate from spirituality, but it is part of who your are as a spiritual being. I’m not at all against western medicine, but one of the things I find most compelling about naturopathic medicine, is that at it’s core it correctly understands that everything is connected – your nutrition, exercise, sleep, work, stress, and overall happiness not only affects your attitude, but it affects your mental state and your overall well being including health. Naturopathic medicine looks at the whole person and seeks to bring about healing in a holistic way.

As I am learning about health, how my individual body reacts to certain foods, what is most nutritious for me to eat and not eat, and learning how to be disciplined in these areas (work in progress), I am learning that this is a spiritual act. In fact, it may be one of the most spiritual acts a person can do and this is why.

The best gift you can give to the world is you.

You can offer a healthy, whole you, or you can offer an unhealthy, broken you. Of course we are always a work in progress, and I don’t think we ever fully arrive, but I think you would agree with me that there are clearly healthy people and unhealthy people – and that can be understood on a number of different levels (emotional health and maturity is also impacted by physical health).

I have talked to a number of different people lately who have shared their journey to becoming more healthy and how that has changed their life. This has inspired me and made me more passionate. I have a conviction that one’s overall health is a deeply spiritual thing. Depression, anxiety, stress, fear, heaviness, motivation, can all be helped by living a more healthy lifestyle.

We live in a culture that is working against us in this way. Our lives are so busy and the fastest cheapest food is often garbage. Who hasn’t been in a hurry to get somewhere and grabbed the quickest thing? Becoming a healthy person is a process and it takes time, but I believe it is one of the most worthwhile endeavors we will make. In the process, I think it’s important to take small steps and celebrate these. I think it is also important not to judge others or look down upon them, we don’t know their circumstances, history, or story. You are trying to be the best you. You are not trying to be better than someone else.

My hope in writing this is that it helps you realize the spirituality of health, and I hope it may inspire you to make small changes. This is not a selfish act, in fact it is just the opposite. Becoming a more healthy person is, I believe, one of the most beneficial things for our world. We need more healthy and whole people. We need you to be the best, healthiest  person you can be.